Wednesday, 7 June 2006
DHS Privacy Committee hearing in San Francisco today
As I noted here two weeks ago, the USA Department of Homeland Security's Data Privacy and Integrity Advisory Committee holds it's first-ever public hearing in San Francisco today at the Clift Hotel (Ava and Rita Rooms), 495 Geary Street, 2 blocks from Union Square.
It's an all-day meeting, from 8:30 a.m. to 5:15 p.m., but the Committee has allocated only an hour and a quarter at the end of the day to public testimony. According to an e-mail message I got from the Committee staff:
We have added 15 minutes of open comment period for individuals to sign up to speak on the day of the meeting for 3 minutes each. You are welcome to speak during this time period and we look forward to your participation. If you are interested in speaking, please sign up with Mr. Lane Raffray of the Privacy Office staff when you arrive.
Here's what I hope to say in my three minutes, if I get a chance (also here as a PDF):
Link | Posted by Edward on Wednesday, 7 June 2006, 00:05 (12:05 AM)
Testimony to the USA Department of Homeland Security
Data Privacy and Integrity Advisory Committee
There are two sorts of "expectations of privacy": those that people actually have, and those that the law presumes us to have. But by either measure, expectations of privacy in public spaces are not just about our right to be in those places, but about our right to move through them.
"To assemble" is not just to be together but to come together. When we assembled here today from throughout the country, by various means of travel, our journeys were acts of assembly directly protected by the First Amendment.
Freedom to assemble is an inalienable human right, not a privilege to which citizens have to prove our entitlement. We expect that our privacy includes the right to move through public places, on public rights-of-way and by common carriers, without let or hindrance and without demands for government-mandated credentials.
Orders restricting the right to travel should be issued only on the basis of a judicial finding, subject to adversarial challenge and due process. That's what's required -- thousands of times every day -- when someone in imminent danger of domestic violence seeks an order restraining the right to use the public right-of-way adjacent to their home by someone they believe poses them a danger. No lesser standard should be applied in the case of people alleged to pose a danger in other places.
We also expect that, while our movements may be observed, the government will not "keep a file" on us without due cause.
But given the ease of data mining, and the ease of government access to commercial data, there is no longer a meaningful distinction between event logging and the construction of personal dossiers, or between logs held by private entities and those accessible to the government. To allow unregulated commercial logging of events, especially those identifiable with a time, a location, and an individual (travel reservations being the canonical example), is in effect to allow the operation of a continuous system of universal suspicionless surveillance, in flagrant violation of our expectations of privacy
Perhaps the most egregious invasion of travellers' privacy comes when we are compelled by the government to provide information to commercial entities , as a condition of the exercise of our right to assemble by common carrier, without any constraint whatsoever on the ability of those commercial entities to retain, use, or sell that data.
I urge this Committee to recognize the centrality of travel to the privacy impact of DHS activities, and to focus your work on the specific issues of the right to assemble, the mandate for travel credentials, the basis and procedures for government orders restricting travel by specific individuals, the retention and use of reservation logs, government mandates for the provision of information to non-governmental entities, and the need for a Federal privacy law applicable to commercial travel data.
I look forward to assisting the Committee in these endeavors.
San Francisco, CA, USA
7 June 2006